Historians and archeologists are trying to trace the ancient History of Hunza in the inscriptions carved on rocks near Ganish village. However, these inscriptions have no clue concerning the local settlements and appear like a Guest Book for ancient travelers who traveled from Central Asia and China to India. The origin of the Burusho people and their language is a mystery which could never be solved.
Within the historical accounts the regional people relate their origin with all the soldiers of Alexander the excellent (July 356 BC to June 10, 323 BC). It is known that in 326 B.C if the forces of Alexander the excellent was on in the past and passed through Hunza, five in the soldiers becoming ill, lagged behind in Hunza. These soldiers made this valley their property. However, here you go also not known that before their arrival there was any human settlement or not. If there was no human settlement inside the valley then, here it is not clear that from where these soldiers married? Additionally it is stated that Hunza had not been inside the route in the soldiers of Alexander.
According to another theory three (3) generals in Alexander’s army have married Persian women. The generals betrayed Alexander by providing the Persians his plans. When Alexander been aware of the betrayal he sought to adopt revenge, nevertheless the generals, wives along with a band of numerous soldiers fled. The valley of Hunza is thought to have been their valley of refuge because of its remote and secure location. Chances are that this Hunza valley was already sparsely inhabited if the Macedon generals arrived. Certainly these tough fighting warriors made quick work of slaughtering the traditional inhabitants of Hunza. Though this really is purely speculation, it really is highly probable. The desolate rocky valley could not have access to supported the Macedonians unless some farms have been slowly built by others over the preceding centuries.
People also narrate the earlier settlers migrated within the valley either from central Asia or from Shigar. It is stated that, when the Brusho were occupying major areas of the current day Northern Areas which had been called Brushal but latter the invasion of Shins pushed those to Hunza, Nagar and Yasin Valleys. It is said that human settlement was began in Nagar valley where people migrated to Hunza. If this is true there is great chance that this people migrated this place through Shigar. Major tribes of Altit migrated Hunza from Hakhashal; an older settlement near Hopper Nagar.
According to Biddulph , Brushu people conquered Hunza in 120 B.C. E, and after that they captured Shigar and Baltistan. The term “Brushal” originates from Brushu, that is ancient name of Peshawar. In Tibetan history Hunza is named as Bruza as well as the people from the area were called Burushos. During 11th century A.D., the shins invaded the location and pushed Buroshos to Hunza and Yasin Valleys. In Hunza they settled Ganish, Altit and Baltit villages and up to 18th century the neighborhood individuals were restricted within these 3 fortified villages. However, Dr Ahmed Hassan Dhani writes the people of Hunza proper belong to Dard race in the Yashkun caste and have nothing related to the Huns.
In another account it is stated the White Huns – warrior tribes from Central Asia – conquered the Kabul Valley, the Indus valley and also the Northern Areas during the early 6th century A.D. They ruled through several local Shina and Burushiski kings called “Rajas”, who were subordinate to the Hun Emperor. It is also stated that the original ancestors of the Hunzu Kuts were called Moghul. While rwlgfw with the Hunza valley, their leader Mughal Tithum, was injured when kicked by way of a horse along with to stay there in good care of his most trusted men. After recovering he established the communities of Baltit, Altit and Ganish. However, today the Hunza individuals are from diversified background. People from central Asia, Baltistan, Diamer and several other locations migrated and settled inside the valley.